Sunday, May 24, 2020

Incremental Algorithm For Software Piracy - 2862 Words

Incremental Algorithm to detect software Piracy By HOSSEN, NAJMUL 13-23860-1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY(C)  ¬Ã‚ ¬Ã‚ ¬Statement of purpose Now-a-days software is being distributed illegally and most of the people use this pirated software. As this is free to use people are not concern about the quality. The people who pirates the software they cannot buy the software but they just put their names after cracking the software for fame. No update is available for any pirated software. Sometimes fake pirated software can harm people stealing information or spreading viruses. Firstly, I was not concerned about the pirated software when I started using computer first. I searched for full version software and got the cracked software. Downloading this software, I started using that software. Suddenly, one day I saw a news on an online newspaper that cracked software may contain virus and may hijack information from anywhere using the internet. After reviewing that news, I started to search for software piracy over the internet and saw so many articles over there. I noticed some statistics that most of the people use pirated software, windows etc. A research says that around 50 percent people of the world use pirated software. This is a huge number and it is a matter of concern. If persons who work in government sector, defense or any important position in any organization use pirated software, all the internal news, information may be transferred to their opposition and it mayShow MoreRelated Copyright Laws in India Essay3212 Words   |  13 Pagesissues that might have global impact but discussing all of them here is almost impossible. Only the key issues are focused in this paper. India is quickly growing as leading world software producer. It has occupied a secured place in information technology arena by producing high quality software products and software professionals. India also has a fairly well developed system of infrastructure facilities like power, transport, communication and banking. Government of India has recently adoptedRead MoreUsing Elliptic Curve Cryptography ( Ecc )9989 Words   |  40 Pages 2014-2015 COMPUTER SCIENCE ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT DELHI TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY DELHI – 110042, INDIA ABSTRACT The piracy of software, images, video, audio, and text has long been a concern for owners of these digital assets. Protection schemes are usually based upon the insertion of digital watermarks into the data. The watermarking software introduces small errors into the object being watermarked. These intentional errors are called marks, and all the marks together constituteRead MoreInformation Technology Management8338 Words   |  34 Pagesevolving into digital firms. The Internet has stimulated globalization by dramatically reducing the costs of producing, buying, and selling goods on a global scale. New information system trends include the emerging mobile digital platform, online software as a service, and cloud computing. 2. Why are information systems so essential for running and managing a business today? Information systems are a foundation for conducting business today. In many industries, survival and the ability toRead MoreRenting and Netflix8217 Words   |  33 Pagessubscription-based DVD rental service, was first conceived by Hastings after he discovered an overdue rental copy of Apollo 13in his closet. After paying the $40 late fee, Hastings, a successful entrepreneur who had already founded and sold a software business, began to consider alternative ways to provide a home movie service that would better satisfy customers. The business that emerged from Hastings’ frustration was a rental company that used the U.S. Postal Service to deliver DVDs toRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words   |  960 PagesConte Cover Designer: Bruce Kenselaar Photo Researcher: Karen Sanatar Manager, Rights and Permissions: Hessa Albader Cover Art: Fotolia Media Editor: Denise Vaughn Media Project Manager: Lisa Rinaldi Full-Service Project Management: Integra Software Services Pvt. Ltd. Printer/Binder: Edwards Brothers Cover Printer: Leghigh-Phoenex Color Text Font: 10/12, Times Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on appropriateRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesto apply the knowledge that they’ve read about in the text through Learning Objectives and Learning Outcomes. Questions are also tagged to reflect the AACSB Learning Standards. TestGen Test Generating Software—Test management software that contains all material from the Test Item File. This software is completely userfriendly and allows instructors to view, edit, and add test questions with just a few mouse clicks. All of our TestGens are converted for use in Blackboard and WebCT and are available

Monday, May 18, 2020

Poem on Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini

Poem on Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini The Kite Runner: Khaled Hosseini A friend is a friend is a friend. When I was young, I didn’t see it. I saw the slingshot and the pomegranate tree. I saw a boy who had to be less. Less than worthy, less than perfect, less than me. I saw a servant. And I ruined him. But now that I’ve gathered a few more years, Things are different. I look back and note: The kite soared high above my perspective. I see a boy who is so much less. A boy who is scared, who is weak. An educated idiot. And I hate him. Sohrab, like his father before him, will pull me back up. He will better me as a man, subconsciously. He lost his father, the poor boy. For he should have known Hassan. Maybe I will better him. Maybe he can bring redemption. A bright young boy. And I cling to him. A friend is a friend is a friend. He changed me, and

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Abolition Of Stigma Of A Young Age - 1892 Words

The Abolishment of Stigma Living a life that is filling with criticism and stigmatization from both an internal and external force is not a life any person should have to life, but it is unquestionably not the life for a young adolescent. Teenagers living with depression face daily obstacles with social interactions, and the interactions in their minds. The stigma placed on mental illness has made it nearly impossible for teens fighting depression to feel comfortable with themselves, and more importantly that the teenagers belong. When facing depression, a teen will most likely feel alienated from those around themselves. The struggle of the deep sense of loneliness felt by depressed teens is unbearable to most, which is why many choose to take their own life. I know these feelings all too well, because I have been battling depression for three years. I know that true horrors that come with having depression at a young age, and what it is like living in a world that does not look kin dly on that. It is very difficult to open to those around, because most people think the depression is just like sadness and will be temporary. In the beginning, friends and family did not understand why I was not my normal self, and they would tell me to stop sleeping so much and to cheer up. Most people cannot or choose to not comprehend the fact that there is no quick fix cure for depression, and that this is my new reality. Most people around me and most teens with depression try their bestShow MoreRelatedThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration Essay795 Words   |  4 PagesThe video we were asked to write a reflection on discussed The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness which is a book written by Michelle Alexander a highly acclaimed civil rights lawyer, advocate and Associate Professor of Law at Ohio State University. Michelle Alexander states that although we made tremendous progress with Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s by unifying as a race and fo ught to seemingly ended the old Jim Crow era by the passing of laws such as the 1965 votingRead MoreTheme Summary : Abolition Of Slavery 978 Words   |  4 PagesTheme: Abolition of Slavery Image: Photograph Depicting Boy Tied to Post The image viewed and analyzed for the purposes of this assignment is representative of an excellent piece that contributes to the abolishing slavery theme. The picture portrays a young man who can’t be much older than eighteen years in age shackled to some type of pole or post. The young man is of African-American descent and he appears to be dressed in some sort of prison garments. His pants are dingy and faded with a patternRead MoreThe American Blackface Minstrelsy Is An American Form Of Entertainment1293 Words   |  6 Pagestime period African Americans are viewed as inferior to the white man. They were viewed as uneducated, barbaric, lackadaisical, and had additional negative stigmas surrounding them. This impacted them in a negative way and resulted in it being challenging for African Americans to flourish. With African Americans having these negative stigmas surrounding them on the way they spoke, their punctuality, their demeanor, i.e., this lead to the creation on t he American blackface minstrelsy to come intoRead MoreEssay on Elizabeth Gaskells Wives and Daughters1745 Words   |  7 Pagesfigure in Victorian British Literature. By the time she blossomed into a literary career, she was thirty-eight years old. Most of her novels centered on the plight of the working people in England struggling to survive and dealing with the social stigma of class and wealth. Even though she received harsh criticism from critics for having sympathy for the poor, it didn’t deter her from a successful writing career, nor deny her talent as a writer. In her last work Wives and Daughters; Gaskell implementsRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1605 Words   |  7 Pagesslaves (again, as I said before), and they didn’t think the Northern states had a say in the matter (like the issue of States’ Rights). If the North’s economy depended on slaves as it did on factories and immigrants, the North wouldn’t have supported abolit ion, either. However, the South’s secession was definitely due mostly to the difference in economic and social differences between the North and South. And as we know, the secession led directly into the war. After the war, the events to follow wereRead MoreExaming the Cultural Practice of Ukuthwala and Its Impact on the Rights of the Child13071 Words   |  53 Pageswidely practised in Nguni communities, as earlier alluded to in the discussion. In its traditional form, it involved waylaying of the intended bride by the intending bridegroom, together with one or two friends who would forcibly take the bride to the young men’s home. Sometimes the girl would be caught unaware, but in many instances she would be caught according to plan and agreement between the bride’s parents and the groom’s parents. A report would be sent to the girl’s home that she has been thwalaedRead MoreSocial Reforms, India4726 Words   |  19 Pagesits Ten Principles and worship largely through  havan  (the sacred fire ceremony) and recitation of the Gayatri-mantra. The Ramakrishna Mission Ramakrishna (right) was born Gadadhar Chatterji in a poor but orthodox Bengali  brahmana  family. As a young man he became the priest at the Kali temple near Calcutta. He was later initiated as a  sannyasi  and experienced mystical visions, especially of Devi. He was profoundly influenced by Christianity and Islam and emphasised the universality of religionRead More The Prostitution Industry Essay4206 Words   |  17 Pagesnecessary evil of society. It is interesting to note that despite an increasingly secularized attitude towards sexual relationships, as seen in society’s increasing tolerance of homosexuality or pre-marital sex, prostitution retains much of its social stigma. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION Street prostitution is the most common form of prostitution. It occurs when the prostitute solicits customers while waiting at street corners or walking alongside a street usually dressed in skimpy, suggestive clothingRead More The Preconditions of Social Identity of a Small State in Transition to Democracy3315 Words   |  14 Pagessocial and personal identity changes. Naturally, in different countries, Lithuania among them, changes in the social identity of the people bear some specific features. On the one hand, the transition to a new historical epoch is similar to the abolition of slavery or the end of colonial repression. On the other hand, the loss of social and personal identity under the new economic and political circumstances may be observed. I would like to present some basic facts which, I hope, will go someRead MoreProstitution in India6516 Words   |  27 Pagespimping are illegal.[1][2] Prostitution  is currently a contentious issue in India. In 2007, the  Ministry of Women and Child Development  reported the presence of 2.8 million  sex workers  in India, with 35.47 percent of them entering the trade before the age of 18 years.[3][4]  The number of prostitutes has doubled in the last decade.[5] According to a  Human Rights Watch  report, Indian anti-trafficking laws are designed to combat commercialized vice; prostitution, as such, is not illegal. A sex worker can

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis of the Movie Soundtrack Eternal Sunshine of the...

Sound Choosing the soundtrack for a movie is another difficult task that a director has to do because they have to find a perfect song or an instrumental track that will fit or compliment the scene that they are editing. The soundtrack of a movie is also a guaranteed way of effecting the emotions of the audience members. As a result, directors spend a great deal of time in choosing the right soundtrack for the movie. They want to make sure that they target the correct emotions for each scene. The sequence of â€Å"Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind† featured many different sounds; such as, speech, music and sound effects. The scene begins with Joel and Clementine laying underneath a blanket. Clementine is telling Joel a story from her childhood, and as she tells the story, we can hear music in the background, which is considered non-diegetic sound because the audience can hear it but not the characters in the movie. The music we hear, as audience members, is very calming and smooth and continues to play as Clementine tells her story. We then see Joel crawling between blankets because he is trying to catch up with a memory that is currently being erased. As he moves to another memory, we can hear another type of non-diegetic sound; however, this time it is harsh and fast, which indicates that he is moving fast because he does not want the memory to be erased. We continue hearing this harsh sound as he remembers the beginning of the memory of him and ClementineShow MoreRelatedEternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind2281 Words   |  10 Pagesscene could be†. - Michel Gondry As this quote from French film director Michel Gondry suggests, the ability of a director to create a film that hides the camera and the construction of a film remains difficult. In his 2004 film, Eternal Sunshine of The Spotless Mind, Gondry utilizes the full potential of the film medium, to express his own unique visual style. He has a number of films that he has directed such as Human Nature, which was also written by scriptwriter Charlie Kaufman. Both GondryRead MoreAn Individual Detailed Analysis on the Style, Editing Techniques Mise-En-Scene and Cinematography in the Film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.2581 Words   |  11 PagesAn individual detailed analysis on the style, editing techniques Mise-en-scene and cinematography in the film Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind. Michael Gondry’s Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind (2004) is not your typical Hollywood rom-com. Its cinematic style is very original and by far out of the ordinary for its genre. The use of techniques and the way the film is produced is the reason why it is so memorable. The non-linear narrative is based around a middle-aged guy who falls in

Mahmut Sait Free Essays

Mahmut Sait Arslan 04 January 2013 The Role Of Religion in A Secular Society According to secularization theory, as societies become more modernized and rationalized, religion will gradually lose it’s authority in social life and governance(Norris Inglehart, 2004, p. 4). Modernization did â€Å"undermined† lots of accepted beliefs(Holloway, 2011, para. We will write a custom essay sample on Mahmut Sait or any similar topic only for you Order Now 7). But, by contrast with secularization thesis, there is no significant diminution in people’s religious demands(Kuru, 2011, p. 4). Appearently, not all modernized societies call themselves as â€Å"secular† and not every secular state can completely ignore religion. In this work, I’m going to inspect secular societies and question how religion can take part in their governance, concerning American, French and Turkish examples. Historically, American’s and French have seperated the church and state for different reasons. The establishment of secular state in America was a result of a compromise between rationalists and evangelists. These groups have agreed on the secular state for different reasons. Thomas Jefferson, one of the America’s Founding Fathers, had foreseen that the secular state would lead to the â€Å"freedom and triumph of the reason†. Oppositely, a famous Evangelist, Isaac Backus had believed that secular state would provide the spread of the religion(Kuru, 2011, p. 84). Because in America’s early years, none of the Protestant churches could provide the majority that is necessary to be legitimized as the official church. So, as the second best choice, they accepted the state to be secular(Kuru, 2011, p. 86). The secularization of the France is rooted in the ideas of Enlightenment. Philosophers of Enlightenment was trying to replace dogmatic values with rational and humanistic ones(Wikipedia, 2009). After the French Revolution, with the abolition of monarchy, the close relation between the French State and Catholic Church finished. According to Tocqueville, Christianity was the object of aggression not as a religion but as a political establishment. This was because of the cooperation between the monarch and the Church before the revolution(Kuru, 2011, p. 142). The different reasons led to different results in these countries. From the beginning of the 19th century, evangelists have strenghtened the socio-cultural hegomony of the Protestant college. Casanova, 1994, p. 137) Christianism was, in public sense, accepted as semiofficial religion of the U. S. It was also, accepted as a part of the state’s civil law(Kuru, 2011, p. 88). Even Supreme Court of U. S have acknowledged the U. S nation as a Christian nation(Kuru, 2011, p. 91). In this period, state was not neutral against all religions, but neutral amongst Protestant sects. Up till now, there has been ideological confl icts between rationalists and conservative people about the religion. There have been exclusivist and compromiser interpretations of the secularism. But generally, it hadn’t been understood as hostility against religion. In America, churches are relieved from state’s effect, wheras in France the state is relieved from the Church’s effect. A radical interpretation of secularism which advocates the seperation of not just state and church, but of all kind of values like moral and human values, is hegemonic in France. In other words, eliminating the religion from public life and confining it with the soul of human. Some people even exceed it to create a â€Å"religion of humanity†(Holloway, 2008, para. 12). But, there have been lots of significant deviations from the ideology because of Catholic roots of French public and opposing ideological attempts. French government could easily ignore the religious demands of minorities like Muslims and Jewish. But they pay much attention to the demands of Catholics who form the majority. At the end of the first quarter of the 20th century, Turkey had to quote the Swiss Civil Law because when they tried to make their own law, commission members couldn’t liberate themselves from their religious beliefs(Oguzman Barlas, 2012, p. 27). But even when quoting they had to make some modifications according to Turkish culture. This was made in the name of being secular and neutral against all beliefs. Putting the history aside, I want to examine the impact of religious law in secular societies’ law system. Human made laws are inspired by lots of different sources like ethics, religion, philosophy, convenances, other law systems etc. These rules have some commonalities because they’re all aimed to establish the ideal society. Concerning this, secular legislatives should concern every law system and utilize them. For example, marriage is, in religious world, concerned as a religious practice. For secular people this mean nothing. But, if we take human nature into the account, inexistence of the institution of marriage could be a threat to the mental and physical health of the progenies(Oktem Turkbag, 1999, p. 209). So, the legislatives may foresee a religious institution like marriage as necessary for secular reasons. The implementation of the secular law in Turkey has caused many problems because there were some rules which were opposite to the belief and perception of majority of the public like prohibiting headscarves. Ordering a believer not to do what they believe is like ordering somebody to jump off a cliff. Because they’re sure that they will be rewarded or punished according to their loyalty to their beliefs. The secularization thesis promise to be neutral against all religions. But applicating the inhibition of a religious obligation to all members of the society equally, is like prohibiting to sleep under the arch of a bridge for both rich and poor people equally(Kuru, 2011, p. 108). The acceptance of secularism as being neutral, and religiousity as differantiality makes secularists more advantagous. To eliminate unequality, chaos and tension states should pay more attention on public demands and trends. Compared to French and Turkish history, there were less religious related slaughters in American history. Without renouncing secularism, Americans could identify themselves as religious. They used secularism not as a tool to restrict and transform the public, but to ensure the freedom of different groups within the society. To be able to equal aginst every belief, each belief system should be approached equally. Like Islam or Christianity, secular people should be concerned as believers, believers of secularism. References Age of Enlightenment. (2009). In  Wikipedia. Retrieved january 4, 2013, from en. wikipedia. org Casanova, J. (1994). Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Holloway, D. , (2008). The Secular State and The Oxford Union. Retrieved January 4, 2013, from http://www. church. org. uk/resources/csdetail. asp? csdate=01/02/2008 –(2011). A Judge, Secularism, Pluralism and Fundamentalism. Retrieved January 04, 2013, from http://www. church. org. uk/resources/csdetail. asp? csdate=01/03/2011 Kuru, A. (2011). Pasif ve D? slay? c? Laiklik: ABD, Fransa ve Turkiye. Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi Yay? nlar?. Norris, P. Inglehart, R. (2004). Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York: Cambridge University Press. Oguzman, M. K. Barlas, N. (2012). Medeni Hukuk. Istanbul: Vedat Kitapc? l? k. Oktem, N. Turkbag, A. U. , (1999). Felsefe, Sosyoloji, Hukuk ve Devlet. Istanbul: Der Yay? nlar?. How to cite Mahmut Sait, Papers

Dead Mens Path free essay sample

The story I read didnt mean the same to me as it did to other opinions of people that read it. To me it meant that people are still resulting to violence instead of settling it in a proper manner. It might have been a tradition and have been there forever but now times have changed. If changed never happened then we wouldnt get anywhere in life. I think it was wrong what happened at the end and I dont think that the villagers won, I am sure even though blob will no longer be there the next person that does come along will continue to fight for what Is right so I dont think his Is and ever will be a win, win situation.The theme of old versus new Is Introduced In this story. One pollen Is that the school Is trying to educate the people of the area that the old superstitions are wrong Including the ones about the pathway. We will write a custom essay sample on Dead Mens Path or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The natives are not able to cope with this. They destroy the new so they can keep the old. The old traditions won here. Another pollen Is that the old tradition wins, but that does not necessarily mean that the old tradition is right or that it is the best way of doing things. Tradition should have a place in the new way of doing wings. It wouldnt have caused any real problems to leave the old trail open.The headmaster could even have built his beautiful gardens around it. His refusing to be more flexible resulted in the destruction of his campus and in his losing his job. I think the author is trying to show how even though we may learn that our traditions and culture might not be correct we must recognize it. We cannot forget or destroy the past to move on. There are some opinions about the story and the message it seems to give that there is no wrong to people when they have strong beliefs in there radiation, and if it is threatened they will fight to keep it alive.Then theres some that say perhaps the newer generations should respect traditions, and old and new should compromise with one another. And there are also some opinions about the way that this is written like the statement we shall make a good Job of it, shant we? This phrase suggests that Michael Obi is a very energetic man and this gives us as the reader the expectations that he will be determined to succeed and this Is what the author has made us to believe at the beginning (source from http:// unreality. Logs. Com/2006/04/dead-mens-path. HTML) another one Is They will give all their time and energy to the school, this phrase shows us further evidence that Michael Obi is determined to succeed even If he hurts others such as the teaching staff of the school. I think there are several themes explored here the deference In cultures the new, western culture of Michael Blob v, the traditional pagan culture, the arrogance of youth, and the Importance of tradition learning how to move forward without forgetting the past.I think the plot of the writer reflects a lot of experiences that we have In a lot of communities today everywhere u look there are Rosen traditions whether Its a Christmas tradition wedding tradition or an annual race tradition this story relates to it because when a tradition is broken or is trying to be broken there will always be people there to stop that from happening and there will be people on the other side trying to make it happen one specific example that affected my community was the annual Dead Mens Path By mammalian get anywhere in life.I think it was wrong what happened at the end and I dont think that the villagers won, I am sure even though Obi will no longer be there the next errors that does come along will continue to fight for what is right so I dont think this is and ever will be a win, win situation. The theme of old versus new is introduced in this story. One opinion is that the school is trying to educate the people of the area that the old superstitions are wrong including the ones about the keep the old.The old traditions won here. Another opinion is that the old tradition more flexible resulted in the destruction of his campus and in his losing his Job. I the reader the expectations that he will be determined to succeed and this is what redirect. Bloodspot. Com/2006/04/dead-mens-path. HTML) another one is They will give Michael Obi is determined to succeed even if he hurts others such as the teaching staff of the school.I think there are several themes explored here the difference in cultures 0 the new, western culture of Michael Obi v, the traditional pagan culture, the arrogance of youth, and the importance of tradition learning how to move experiences that we have in a lot of communities today everywhere u look there are broken traditions whether its a Christmas tradition wedding tradition or an annual.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Journal Of Network Computer Applications â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Journal Of Network Computer Applications? Answer: Introduction The movement to cloud should be advantageous for the company as it should help the organization to save time and cost. However, migration is a difficult task that must be handled strategically. The various sections of this report can be discussed as: IaaS instance hosted by AWS/Azure Migration of a database will involve 3 steps i.e. extracting the data from the existing database, data massaging that involves making the data format which is supported in target instance and then injecting the data in a target system which is cloud systems and can be either of Amazon or Microsoft (Varia, 2010). As per the research and statistics, 17% of the Cloud service provide multi factor authentication, 40% encrypt the data and 20% are ISO 27001 certified. And these numbers indicate the risks involved in migration to cloud. The diagrammatic representation of IaaS can be shown as: Security Controls implemented by Aws/Azure to protect IaaS instance One of the most important Security control is that Webb stores must uses their own encryption and tokenization as well as control their keys (Rahumed, et al., 2011). Webb stores must uses multi-factor authentication and not just 1 password. There are many devices that can generate real time passwords valid for next few seconds only. File system permissions can be used and there should be permission like read, write for each file. Also, files can be password protected if they contain sensitive data which is almost like a 3rd layer of protecting the data Benefits and limitations of the Security Controls There are 2 advantages of encryption at rest. First, the data is not even visible to the cloud vendor and 2nd if due to the security flaws in the CSPs systems and data is stolen, it will still be rendered useless (Dlodlo, 2011) Multi-factor authentication will make system more robust File permissions limits the unauthorized access and actions Risks associated in the Database Migration The various kind of risks can be discussed as: Risks associated with the migration of the database Data loss risk is one of the biggest risks to the database. For example, migration involves data extraction and massaging. Data massaging is nothing but the transformation (Rahumed, et al., 2011). Data portability is another risk. If Webb stores decide to change their CSPs for some reason, how they will ensure the data extraction again needed for injecting the data in new systems Risks associated with the migration of IaaS infrastructure. Data Compliance risks: Each CSPs is having their own security systems, capabilities and compliance mechanism and, there are numerous compliance and regulations like HIPAA, SOX, CIPA, PCI DSS that each organization must comply with. Insider Threat risk: Cloud systems provides the flexibility of accessing applications from anywhere and not from the office network which is the case with the on-premise systems. With this flexibility comes the problem that people can store information on their personnel systems which they are not supposed to (Claycomb, Nicoll, 2012). Cloud availability: Although most CSPs have high availability rate but they do not provide any Service level Agreements (SLAs) that if system become down due to some reason, how much time it will take to bring it back. The communications between Webbs and their IaaS database in the cloud Data theft risk: With increasing number of malicious attackers and intruders in the systems, data communication will increase when Webb stores will use Hybrid cloud strategy and thus there is a high risk of attack during transmission (Subhashini, Kavitha, 2011) Lack of controls like Firewall: Firewall is often difficult to use in cloud systems as compared to the on premises systems which simply increase the risk of malicious user entering into a system. Using Cloud for Backup and Archival of Records There are primarily two risks associated with maintain backup on the Cloud. First one is most of the CSPs offers features of continuous or weekly data backup features. Now, if a company uses continuous backup features, it will consume a lot of bandwidth impacting the speed of the network. If the company updates the backup weekly, there can be a risk of losing the data for maximum of 5 days in worst case scenario Another risk is that restoring the data from the backup will take a huge time as it will through the network while restoring the backup from the tapes is quite fast Storage of data in the Cloud Data privacy risk: Clouds stores the large amount of information and as a result, they are on a constant target of malicious users and in case of any successful attack, there will be a risk of losing private data (Alhazmi, Malaiya, 2013). Data compliance/Location risks: Every country has its own rules and regulations and every organization has to abide by those rules. As clouds maintains backup at multiple locations across the world, there can be issues. For example, some countries have rules that employee personnel data cannot be stored outside the country (Subhashini, Kavitha, 2011). Data removal risk: Cloud systems stores data in a complex mesh of networks distributed across servers. In such cases, if a company wants to permanently remove some data, how it will remove it from database (Tang, Lee, Lui, Perlman, 2012). Retrieval of data from the cloud Authorization and Authentication risk: Clouds systems have to ensure that the retrieval requests are coming from the authentic sources and users are authorized for that information. Data encryption during motion: Data encryption at rest is provided by CSPs but what about data encryption in motion. If data is not encrypted during motion, there is a risk of intruders attack (Kandukuri, Rakshit, 2009). DR plan of the CSP Changing a backup location from on-premise to a cloud will definitely affect the DR plans for the company. DR from tapes is quite different from cloud systems due to difference in recovery time. Webb stores have to clearly identified risk, vulnerabilities with respect to location, surroundings, and geographies along with the CSPs. Also, earlier they were maintaining business impact analysis (BIA) for all business processes but now it will become responsibility of the cloud vendor (Ristov, Gisev, Kostoska, 2012). Their IaaS infrastructure Identity access management so that only the authentic people will able to access IAAS infrastructure Multi factor authentication using RSA secure ID devices that generate temporary real time password (Dahbur, Mohammad, Tarakji, 2011) Their Ms SQL Server 2012 R2 cloud instance Webb should use encryption for data at rest as well as data in motion at their end also and not rely fully on the encryption provided by the CSPs Their Cloud network infrastructure Cloud service providers must keep their security systems up to date with latest tools and techniques and must monitor the malicious attacks on a constant basis (Dahbur, et al., 2011). Their Cloud backup and restore infrastructure Backup is a key activity that requires a lot of time. Webb must get the acceptable RTO (recovery time objective) from the vendor and conduct the pilots regularly till desired RTO is achieved (Jarvelainen, 2012). Another thing it must have service level agreements beyond which CSPs will be liable for penalty. Conclusion With the above discussion, it can be said that the management of Webb must have strong strategy in place for the implementation of cloud infrastructure. The above paper discusses various risks and mitigation strategies that should be used. It would be correct to say that data back-up is the key strategy that would help the organization to overcome the threat associated with several risks. References Alhazmi, O. H., Malaiya, Y. K. (2013, January). Evaluating disaster recovery plans using the cloud. InReliability and Maintainability Symposium (RAMS), 2013 Proceedings-Annual(pp. 1-6). IEEE. Claycomb, W. R., Nicoll, A. 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